معرفی شبکه های اجتماعی مطرح

لیستی از شبکه های اجتماعی مطرح
شبکه های اجتماعی
جوامع از افراد و گروه های نامرتبط تشکیل شده است که هر چند نفر از آنان در کنار یکدیگر گروهی را تشکیل می دهند . این گروه ها دارای روابط و اعضا هستند که در اصطلاح جامعه شناختی به آن ها شبکه های اجتماعی گفته می شود . این شبکه های اجتماعی دارای تعاملات جامعه شناختی بسیار مهمی هستند که نشان دهنده سلامت جامعه ، ادبیات ، اقتصاد ، فرهنگ و انگیزش های موجود در آن جامعه می باشد .
رسانه های اجتماعی الکترونیکی راه های جدیدی را جهت تعاملات جدید ایجاد می کنند . یادگیری همواره در یک جامعه مطرح است و جامعه به دنبال انتشار مفاهیم جدید برای توسعه است . نیاز به یادگیری و علاقه به جمع آوری داده های موجود و تولید اطلاعات جدید و ترکیب آن ها با داده های کمی و کیفی و ترکیب دیدگاه های افراد در جامعه انسانی کمک شایان توجه ای به رشد رسانه های اجتماعی نموده است .
رشد ابزارهای رسانه های اجتماعی پتانسیل قابل توجهی برای افزایش تعاملات جامعه ایجاد کرده است . ارتباطات دو طرفه و چند طرفه امکان نتشار افکار و تسهیل تبادل ایده ها را فراهم آورده است . اطلاع رسانی همواره مورد علاقه انسان بوده است و رسانه های اجتماعی به عنوان یک انجمن امکان تعامل چهره به چهره و سریع را با امکان پاسخگویی فراهم می آورند .
در ادامه این مقاله می خواهیم از مباحث جامعه شناختی و روانشناختی جدا شویم و به سراغ معرفی شبکه های اجتماعی برویم که خیلی از آن ها برای عموم افراد ناشناخته است .

اطلاعات شبکه های اجتماعی را براساس اطلاعات ویی پدیا در ادامه مشاهده می کنید :

نام شبکه اجتماعیتوصیف / تمرکزتاریخ راه اندازیکاربران ثبت نام شدهامکان ثبت نامرنک بر اساس اطلاعات الکسا
43 ThingsGoal setting and achievement1 January 20053,000,000[2]Closed12,914[3]
Academia.eduSocial networking site for academics/researchersSeptember 200818,000,000[4]Open824[5]
About.me Social networking siteOctober 20095,000,000[6]Open1,447
AdvogatoFree and open source software developers199913,575[7]Open292,620[8]
ANobii Books2006Open26,939[9]
AsianAvenue A social network for the Asian American community1997Open170,384[10]
ASmallWorld European jet set and social elite world-wideMarch 2004550,000[11]Invite-only580,060[12]
AthlinksRunning, swimming2001139,458[13]Open69,170[14]
AudimatedIndependent music2010Open656,507[15]
BeboGeneralJuly 2005117,000,000[16]Open to people 13 and older4,169[17]
Biip.noNorwegian community1 June 2005430,000[18]Requires Norwegian phone number81,916[19]
BlackPlanetBlack Americans1 September 199920,000,000[20]Open7,193[21]
Bolt.comGeneral1996Open589,595[22]
BusuuLanguage learning community (headquartered in Madrid, Spain)16 May 200812,000,000[23]Open4,976[24]
BuzznetMusic and pop-culture200510,000,000[25]Open6,955[26]
CafeMomMothersDecember 20061,250,000[27]Open to moms and moms-to-be1,293[28]
Care2Green living and social activism19989,961,947[29]Open1,930[30]
CaringBridgeNot for profit providing free websites that connect family and friends during a serious health event, care and recovery.[31]19979,500,000[32]Open to people 18 and older[33]4,279[34]
Classmates.comSchool, college, work and the military199550,000,000[35]Open to people 18 and older[36]3,284[37]
CloobGeneral. Popular in Iran2004Open749[38]
ClusterFlunkAmerican network for students to share files with their peers2012545,917[39]
CouchSurfingWorldwide network for making connections between travelers and the communities they visit.20032,967,421[40]Open2,231[41]
CozyCotEast Asian and Southeast Asian women2001150,000[42]Open36,959[43]
CrunchyrollAnime and forums.2006Open5,721[44]
CucumbertownNetworking for cooks2012Open175,796[45]
CyworldGeneral. Popular in South Korea.199924,000,000[46]Open1,616[47]
DailyBoothPhoto-blogging site where users upload a photo every day13 February 2009Closed5,963[48]
DailyStrengthMedical & emotional support community - physical health, mental health, support groups4 November 2007Open10,511[49]
deliciousSocial bookmarking allowing users to locate and save websites that match their own interestsSeptember 20038,822,921[50]Open436[51]
DeviantArtArt community7 August 200026,000,000[52]Open to people 13 and older131[53]
Diaspora*Decentralized, privacy aware, general (open source)November 2010370,000+[n 1][54]Open36,792[n 2][55]
DisaboomPeople with disabilities (amputees, cerebral palsy, MS, and other disabilities)2007Open218,135[56]
Dol2dayPolitic community, social network, Internet radio (German-speaking countries)15 May 200040,200[57]Open385,237[58]
DontStayInClubbing (primarily UK)April 2003Open86,535[59]
Draugiem.lvGeneral (primarily LV, LT, HU)April 24, 20042,600,466[60]Invitation only2,698[61]
doubanChinese Web 2.0 website providing user review and recommendation services for movies, books, and music.200546,850,000[62]Open106[63]
DoximityU.S. Physicians and medical doctors.2011400,000[64]U.S. physicians only27,539[65]
DreamwidthBlogging.2009Open6,384[66]
DXY.cnChinese online community for physicians, health care professionals, pharmacies and facilities2000[67]2,000,000[68]Open8,367[69]
ElftownCommunity and wiki around fantasy and sci-fi.Feb 2002185,000[70]Open, approval needed43,277[71]
ElloGeneralMarch 2014[72][73]Invite only while in beta106,782[74]
ElixioBusiness executives jet set and global elite.July 200780,000[75]Invite-only545,268[76]
English, baby!Students and teachers of English as a second language20001,600,000[77]Open29,585[78]
EpernicusFor research scientistsOpen798,086[79]
Eons.comFor baby boomers and mature internet users age 40 and beyond.Jul 2006Open to people age 40 years and older73,767[80]
eToroSocial investing, financeMay 20072,500,000[citation needed]Open1,591[81]
Experience ProjectLife experiences2007Open2,658[82]
ExplorooTravel social networking.12 May 2009Open163,545[83]
FacebookGeneral: photos, videos, blogs, apps.February 20041,280,000,000[84]Open to people 13 and older2[85]
FetlifePeople who are into BDSMJanuary 20082,701,715[86]Open to people "of legal age to see adult content"4,131[87]
FilmAffinityMovies and TV series2002250,000[88]Open3,151[89]
FilmowMovies and TV series2009Open44,630[90]
FledgeWingEntrepreneurial community targeted towards worldwide university studentsFeb 2009Open to university students696,513[91]
FlixsterMovies200763,000,000[92]Open to people 13 and older4,012[93]
FlickrPhoto sharing, commenting, photography related networking, worldwideFebruary 200432,000,000[94]Open to people 13 and older (Yahoo! Login)48[95]
Focus.comBusiness-to-business, worldwide2005850,000[96]Open to people 13 and older12,114[97]
FotkiPhoto sharing, video hosting, photo contests, journals, forums, flexible privacy protection, friend's feed, audio comments and unlimited custom design integration.October 19981,632,565Open8,011[98]
FotologPhotoblogging. Popular in South America and Spain200220,000,000[99]Open3,168[100]
FoursquareLocation based mobile social network200920,000,000[101]Open817[102]
FriendicaDistributed, federated, privacy aware, open source, generalJuly 2010Open354,946[103][n 2]
Friends ReunitedUK based. School, college, work, sport and streetsJuly 200019,000,000[104]Open to people 13 and older29,239[105]
FriendsterGeneral. Popular in Southeast Asia. No longer popular in the western world200290,000,000[106]Open to people 16 and older.12,167[107]
FuelmyblogBlogging communityJuly 200750,000[108]Open85,547[109]
Gaia OnlineAnime and games. Popular in United States, Canada and Europe. Moderately popular around Asia.23,523,663[110]Open to people 13 and older6,277[111]
GamerDNAComputer and video games21 September 2006310,000[112]Open59,730[113]
Gapyear.comTravel social networkJuly 1998Open74,763[114]
Gather.comArticle, picture, and video sharing, as well as group discussions25 Feb 2005465,000[115]Open3,062[116]
Gays.comSocial network for LGBT community, guide for LGBT bars, restaurants, clubs, shopping16 May 2008100,000[117]Open, global224,302[118]
Geni.comFamilies, genealogy16 January 200715,000,000[119]Open5,958[120]
GentlemintCommunity for sharing and discussing all things manly25 November 2011Open100,196[121]
GetGlueSocial network for entertainment.28 October 20082,000,000[122]Open3,735[123]
GirlsAskGuysCommunity where people help each other by sharing their experiences & opinions.June 2007450,000[124]Open4,798[125]
GogoyokoFair play in music - social networking site for musicians and music lovers.1 Oct 2009Invite only while in beta145,552[126]
GoodreadsLibrary cataloging, book lovers.December 200613,000,000[127]Open327[128]
GoodwizzSocial network with matchmaking and personality games to find new contacts. Global, based in France.October 2010110,000[129][130]Open597,008[131]
Google+General28 June 20111,600,000,000[132]Open to people 13 and older [133]NA[n 3]
GovLoopFor people in and around government.May 2008138,576[134]
Grono.netPoland2,000,000[citation needed]Open395,036[135]
HabboGeneral for teens. Over 31 communities worldwide. Chat room and user profiles.August 2000268,000,000[136][137][138]Open to people 13 and older15,255[139]
hi5General. Popular in Nepal, Mongolia, Thailand, Romania, Jamaica, Central Africa, Portugal and Latin America. Not very popular in the United States.200380,000,000[140]Open to people 13 and older.902[141]
Hospitality ClubHospitality328,629[142]Open99,562[143]
HotlistGeo-social aggregator rooted in the concept of knowing where users' friends are, were, and will be.80,000[144]Open155,811[145]
HR.comSocial networking site for human resources professionals.1999194,000[146]Open79,591[147]
Hub CultureGlobal influencers focused on worth creation.November 200220,000[148]Invite-only152,756[149]
IbiboTalent based social networking site that allows to promote one's self and also discover new talent. Most popular in India.3,500,000[150]Open1,143[151]
Identi.caTwitter-like service popular with hackers and software freedom advocates.395,695[citation needed]Open7,290[152]
Indaba MusicOnline collaboration for musicians, remix contests, and networking.350,000[153]Open, global45,039[154]
InfluensterOnline product sampling and review platform.2010850,000[155]Open, global8,612[156]
InstagramA photo and video sharing site.October 2010300,000,000[157]Open to anyone 13 or older41
IRC-GalleriaFinland505,000[158]Open to Finnish speaking people 12 and older36,982[159]
italki.comLanguage learning social network. 100+ languages.500,000[160]Open, global18,956[161]
ItsmyMobile community worldwide, blogging, friends, personal TV-shows2,500,000[162]770,100[163]
JaikuGeneral. Microblogging. Owned by GoogleFebruary 2006Open to people 13 and older62,910[164]
JiepangLocation-based mobile social network. In Chinese language20103,000,000[165]Open14,790[166]
Kaixin001General. In Simplified Chinese; caters for mainland China usersOpen to the general public284[167]
KiwiboxGeneral.19992,400,000[168]Open to people 13 and older104,563[169]
LafangoTalent-focused media sharing siteOpen, global161,778[170]
LaiBhaariMarathi social networking2010250,000Open952,782[171]
Last.fmMusic200230,000,000[172]Open772[173]
Late Night ShotsMessage boards, member profile pages, spotting other members200620,000 (2008)[174]Invite-only228,888[175]
LibraryThingBook lovers29 August 20051,300,000[176]Open to people 13 and older10,800[177]
LifeknotShared interests, hobbiesOpen to people 18 and older1,071,686[178]
LinkagoalGoal based social network.20112,000,000[179]Open for 13 and older199,233[180]
LinkedInBusiness and professional networkingMay 2003200,000,000[181]Open to people 18 and older12[182]
LinkExpatsSocial networking website for expatriates. 100+ countries.Open, global800,451[183]
ListographyLists. AutobiographyOpen92,525[184]
LiveJournalBlogging. Popular in Russia and among the Russian-speaking diaspora abroad.15 April 199917,564,977[185]Open (OpenID)115[186]
LivemochaOnline language learning5,000,000[187]Open4,100[188]
MakeoutclubGeneral9 August 1999Open756,300[189]
MEETinGeneralOpen318,979[190]
Meetup (website)General. Used to plan offline meetings for people interested in various activitiesOpen to people 18 and older481[191]
MeetthebossBusiness and finance community, worldwide.Open315,513[192]
MillatFacebookGeneral, created in response to Facebook [193]May 2010461,200[194]Open236,663[195]
mixiJapan25 October 200024,323,160[196]Open232[197]
MocoSpaceMobile community, worldwide20053,000,000[198]Open to people 14 and older9,882[199]
MOGMusicOpen to people 14 and older13,955[200]
MouthShut.comSocial network, social media, consumer reviewsOpen3,340[201]
MubiAuteur cinema200,000Open18,225[202]
MyHeritageFamily-oriented social network service30,000,000 [203]Open3,756[204]
MyLifeLocating friends and family, keeping in touch (formerly Reunion.com)51,000,000[205]Open1,765[206]
My OperaBlogging, mobile blogging, photo sharing, connecting with friends, Opera Link and Opera Unite. Global7,300,000[207]ClosedNA[n 3]
MyspaceGeneralAugust 200330,000,000+[208][209]Open to ages 13 and older.161[210]
Nasza-klasa.plSchool, college and friends. Popular in Poland11,000,000[211]Open75,145[212]
NetlogGeneral. Popular in Europe, Turkey, the Arab world and Canada's Québec province. Formerly known as Facebox and Redbox.[213]95,000,000[214]Open to people 13 and older545[215]
NexopiaCanada1,400,000[216]Open to people 13 and older [217]25,241[218]
NingUsers create their own social websites and social networks2005 (Networks 2007)Open to people 13 and older378[219]
OdnoklassnikiConnect with old classmates. Popular in Russia and former Soviet republics45,000,000[220]Open65[221]
Open DiaryFirst online blogging community, founded in 199819985,000,000[222]Open to people 13 and older28,134[223]
OrkutGeneral. Owned by Google Inc. Popular in India and Brazil.[224]22 January 2004100,000,000[225]Closed319[226]
OUTeverywhereGay/LGBTQ communityOpen445,440[227]
PatientsLikeMeOnline community for patients with life-changing illnesses to find other patients like them, share their data with others, and learn more about their condition to improve their outcome.2006109,587[228]Open to people 13 years and up69,514[229]
PartyflockDutch virtual community for people interested in house music and other electronic dance music.10 November 2001321,125Open to people 18 years and up16,828[230]
PingstaCollaborative platform for the world's internetwork expertsInvite-only, only Internet experts2,533,640[231]
PinterestOnline pinboard for organizing and sharing things you love2011Open38[232]
PlaxoAggregator50,000,000[233]Open5,310[234]
PlayfireComputer and video gamesOpen to people 13 and older38,259[235]
Playlist.comGeneral, musicOpen to people over 138,026[236]
PlurkMicro-blogging, RSS, updates. Very popular in TaiwanOpen1,991[237]
PoolwoSocial networking site from India7 January 201412,350[238]Open764,227[239]
QapacityA business-oriented social networking site and a business directoryClosed20,640[240]
QuechupGeneral, friendship, dating2007Open to those over 1682,914[241]
QzoneGeneral. In Simplified Chinese; caters for mainland China users480,000,000[242][243]Open to the general publicNA[n 3]
RaptrVideo gamesOpen25,664[244]
RavelryKnitting and crochet3,000,000[245]Open2,334[246]
RenrenSignificant site in China. Was known as 校内 (Xiaonei) until August 2009.160,000,000[247]Open95[248]
ReverbNation.comSocial network for musician and bands500,000[249]Open to people 16 and older1,806[250]
RyzeBusiness500,000[251]Closed71,324[252]
ScienceStageScience-oriented multimedia platform and network for scientistsOpen61,668[253]
SgrouplesGeneral, with focus on privacy rights16 May 2012Open258,091[254]
ShareTheMusicMusic community. Sharing and listening to music for free and legallyOpen612,429[255]
ShelfariBooks11 October 2006Open18,152[256]
Sina WeiboSocial microblogging site in mainland China.14 August 2009300,000,000[257]Open28[258]
SkoobCollaborative social network for Brazilian readers2009420,000[259]Open28,449[260]
Skyrock (social network site)Social network in French-speaking world22,000,000[261]Open710[262]
SmarticanOpen social networking portal31 January 2013260,000[263]Open26,458[264]
SocialVibeSocial network for charity435,000[citation needed]Open101,364[265]
Sonico.comGeneral. Popular in Latin America and Spanish and Portuguese speaking regions.50,000,000[266][267]Open to people 13 and older2,676[268]
SoundCloudRepository of original music pieces and networking.10,000,000[269]Open299[270]
Spaces (social network)Russian social network targeted to mobile phone usersOpen9,953[271]
Spot.IMA service for webmasters to add social networking functionality to their websites2012250,000[272]Open68,016[273]
Spring.meSocial network for meeting peopleSeptember 2013Open to people 13 and older4,967[274]
Stage 32US-based social network and educational site for creative professionals in film, television and theaterFebruary 2012175,000[citation needed]35,382[275]
StickamLive video streaming and chat.9,000,000[276]Closed9,201[277]
Streetlife (website)UK based. Links members according to where they live21 March 20111,000,000[278]Open18,757 [279]
StudiVZUniversity students, mostly in the German-speaking countries. School students and those out of education sign up via its partner sites schülerVZ and meinVZ.17,000,000[280]Open7,080[281]
Students Circle NetworkA social network connecting students, teachers and institutions to course resources, study groups and learning spaces.December 2010Open345,110[282]
StumbleUponStumble through websites that match users' selected interests20,000,000[283]Open146[284]
TaggedGeneral.October 2004100,000,000[285]Open288[286]
TalkbiznowBusiness networkingOpen136,346[287]
TaltopiaOnline artistic communityOpen281,501[288]
TaringaGeneral (primarily Argentina)11,000,000[289]Open to people 13 and older214[290]
TeachStreetEducation / learning / teaching - more than 400 subjectsOpen422,704[291]
TermWikiLearning / languages / translation - 1.2 million terms in more than 1300 subjectsMay 2010Open22,997[292]
The Sphere (social network)A private online social luxury network with exclusive personalized servicesDecember 20081,300[293]Invite-only1,115,305[294]
TravBuddy.comTravel20051,588,000[295]Open to people 18 and older21,523[296]
TravellerspointTravel2002310,000[297]Open15,275[298]
Tsu (social networkGeneral2008Open5,230[299]
Tribe.netGeneralOpen8,081[300]
Trombi.comFrench subsidiary of Classmates.com4,400,000[301]16,227[302]
TuentiSpanish-based university and high school social network.12,000,000[303]Open16,484[304]
TumblrMicroblogging platform and social networking website.February 2007226,950,000[305]Open41[306]
TwitterGeneral. Micro-blogging, RSS, updates15 July 2006645,750,000[307]Open to all ages [308]8[309]
TyltedMobile social game network[310]20073,000,000[311]Open to people 14 and older737,508[312]
UplikeGeneral20111,050,039[313]Open288[314]
VK (social networking website)General, including music upload, listening and search. Popular in Russia and former Soviet republics.September 2006249,409,900[315]Open38[316]
Vampirefreaks.comGothic and industrial subculture19991,931,049[317]Open to users 13 and over21,052[318]
ViadeoGlobal social networking and campus networking available in English, French, German, Spanish, Italian and Portuguese35,000,000[319]Open435[320]
VirbSocial network that focuses heavily on artists, including musicians and photographers2007Open33,371[321]
Vox (blogging platform)BloggingOpen56,558[322]
WattpadFor readers and authors to interact and e-book sharingOpen7,036[323]
WAYN (website)Travel and lifestyleMay 200310,000,000[324]Open to people 18 and older1,367[325]
WeeWorldTeenagers - 9 to 1730,000,000[326]Open to ages 10 and older.18,317[327]
We Heart ItImage-based social network focused on inspiration, expression and creativity200820,000,000[328]Open899[329]
WellwerCommunity without borders, where sharing is everything.September 2011Open to people 13 years and older370,755[330]
Wepolls.comSocial polling networkOpen1,204,376[331]
Wer-kennt-wenGeneralGeneral2,147[332]
weReadBooksJune 20074,000,000[citation needed]Open305,720[333]
WooxieBlogging and micro-bloggingOpen111,538[334]
WriteAPrisoner.comSite networking inmates, friends, familySeptember 200066,000[335]Open to people 18 years and older228,915[336]
XangaBlogs and "metro" areas199827,000,000[337]Open3,943[338]
XINGBusiness (primarily Europe (Germany, Austria, Switzerland))11,100,000[339]Open270[340]
Xt3Catholic social networking, created for World Youth Day 2008Open712,292[341]
YammerSocial networking for office colleagues2008Must have company email3,622[342]
Yelp,_IncLocal business review and talkOpen186[343]
YookosGeneral: photos, videos, blogs, games.Open53,498[344]
Zoo.grGreek web meeting point2004890,000[345]Open34,577[346]
ZooppaOnline community for creative talent (host of brand sponsored advertising contests)60,000[347]Open to people 14 and older[348]36,373[349]

 


منبع : برگرفته از کتاب COMMUNITY ENGAGEMENT و سایت ویکی پدیا

نویسنده و گردآورندگان : نیلوفر مظفریان – مسعود معاونی

https://telegram.me/moaveni_ir
https://telegram.me/moaveni_ir

 

 

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